India amply illustrates how street agitations have been used as a potent instrument by the opposition to create an anti-incumbency environ against an otherwise well entrenched regime. Economic issues and failures of policy implementation have been the common cause for the politically disparate groups to come together for vote mobilisation. Students and workers were always the focal points of an agitational campaign the most pronounced in recent history was the episode of JP agitation that derived strength from the parallel Railways strike masterminded by George Fernandes in 1974 to oppose Indira Gandhi. The war cry of that agitation revolved round misgovernance and corruption. However, that particular all India stir as far as one can see never displayed a communal streak. The current protests in the country on the twin issues of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC) need to be analysed and evaluated considering that for the first time the opposition at the all-India level is stoking communal passions to whip up a public agitation on what it alleges are the 'anti- Muslim' measures of the Modi government.